Published on : 2017-05-11 16:00:26

This led to considerable unemployment and hardship in the old industrial areas, as well as political and social unrest in the 1930s, with rising membership in communist and socialist parties. The UK has a history of small-scale non-white immigration, with Liverpool having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to at least the 1730s during the period of the African slave trade. [408] 71% of young people aged 18–24 said they had no religion. camanachd) is popular in the Scottish Highlands. HM Treasury, led by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, is responsible for developing and executing the government s public finance policy and economic policy speed dating uk style toronto. Few ordinary workers had the vote, and they created their own organisations in the form of trade unions. [472] England has the two oldest universities in English-speaking world, Universities of Oxford and Cambridge (jointly known as Oxbridge ) with history of over eight centuries. For other uses of United Kingdom , see United Kingdom (disambiguation). The UK became one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. [424] By 1931, this figure had risen to 2. [248] On 16 July 2013, the British Government pledged £60m to the Skylon project: this investment will provide support at a crucial stage to allow a full-scale prototype of the SABRE engine to be built. The UK has a significant presence in motor racing and the UK motorsport industry employs around 41,000 people, comprises around 4,500 companies and has an annual turnover of around £6 billion. Wales has over 2,704 kilometres (1,680 miles) of coastline.

Analysis of Office for National Statistics (ONS) data shows that a net total of 2. The British colonies in North America that broke away from Britain in the American War of Independence became the United States of America, recognised by Britain in 1783. A 2003 poll found that football is the most popular sport in the United Kingdom. [133] Several islands lie off the Welsh mainland, the largest of which is Anglesey ( Ynys Môn) in the north-west. For other uses of UK , see UK (disambiguation). [599] Britannia is symbolised as a young woman with brown or golden hair, wearing a Corinthian helmet and white robes. [434] The total number of grants of settlement, which confers permanent residence in the UK without granting British citizenship, [435] was approximately 154,700 in 2013, compared to 241,200 in 2010 and 129,800 in 2012. It is not to be confused with Great Britain, its largest island whose name is also loosely applied to the whole country. [322] Production is now in decline and the UK has been a net importer of natural gas since 2004. Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland usually field a single team representing all of Ireland, with notable exceptions being association football and the Commonwealth Games. [598] The national anthem of the United Kingdom is God Save the Queen , with Queen replaced with King in the lyrics whenever the monarch is a man. However, controversy surrounds some of Britain s overseas military deployments, particularly in Afghanistan and Iraq. It was the world s first industrialised country and the world s foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.

[325] However, environmental and social concerns have been raised over chemicals getting into the water table and minor earthquakes damaging homes. [427] The proportion of foreign-born people in the UK remains slightly below that of many other European countries. Edinburgh and Glasgow, and Cardiff, are important centres of newspaper and broadcasting production in Scotland and Wales respectively.
. [55] In Welsh, the long form name of the state is Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon , with Teyrnas Unedig being used as a short form name on government websites. In 2012 the average total fertility rate (TFR) across the UK was 1. The adjective British is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom. Coal production played a key role in the UK economy in the 19th and 20th centuries. Its first page shows the long form name of the state in English, Welsh and Scottish Gaelic. [203] The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom serves as the highest court of appeal for civil cases under Scots law. In 2014 the net increase was 318,000: immigration was 641,000, up from 526,000 in 2013, while the number of people emigrating (for more than 12 months) was 323,000. In the following decades, the UK became a more multi-ethnic society than before. The more rugged Highland region contains the majority of Scotland s mountainous land, including Ben Nevis which at 1,343 metres (4,406ft) is the highest point in the British Isles. Elections are conducted by single transferable vote in multi-member wards that elect either three or four councillors.

With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600sqmi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe. .

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